Proceedings Vol. 19 (2013)
ENGINEERING MECHANICS 2013
May 13 – 16, 2013, Svratka, Czech Republic
Copyright © 2013 Institute of Thermomechanics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Prague
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)
list of papers scientific commitee
pages 596 - 602, full text
The study presents finite element (FE) model of sound propagation through the vocal tract and around the human head during speech production. Similar experimental studies are not easily realisable. The FE model of the acoustic spaces corresponding to the human vocal tract for Czech vowel [a:] and acoustic space around the human head was created from computer tomography (CT) images. Modal and transient analyses (excitation by a short pulse) are used for analysis of resonant characteristics of the FE model. The production of vowel is then simulated using transient analysis of the FE models excited by Liljencrants-Fant’s (LF) glottal signal model. Formant frequencies detected from computed spectra are in good agreement with results of modal analysis and with literature. The results of numerical simulation enable evaluating of the transfer functions between a reference point and any point in the space around the head.
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