Proceedings Vol. 19 (2013)
ENGINEERING MECHANICS 2013
May 13 – 16, 2013, Svratka, Czech Republic
Copyright © 2013 Institute of Thermomechanics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Prague
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)
list of papers scientific commitee
pages 642 - 649, full text
The influence of piriform sinuses (PS) on the resonance and antiresonance characteristics of the vocal tract is investigated. The change in sizes of PS cavities alters the resulting voice quality. Pilot studies reveal that additional formants caused by PS can occur in the frequency range of 3 – 5 kHz, i.e., in the range which is important for the production of the so called singer’s or speaker’s formant. This contribution therefore aims at investigating the influence of the side cavities of the vocal tract in more detail using two computational models of the vocal tract. First, is presented analysis of the influence of the acoustic spaces of PS on the existence of resonances and antiresonances in the spectra of the acoustic signal simulated using a reduced finite element (FE) model of the human vocal tract. Then the full FE model is used for the analysis by using direct numerical simulations of phonation.
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