Engineering Mechanics

International Conference

Proceedings Vol. 23 (2017)


ENGINEERING MECHANICS 2017

23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
May 15 – 18, 2017, Svratka, Czech Republic
;
Editors: Vladimír Fuis

Copyright © 2017 Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics, Brno

ISBN 978-80-214-5497-2 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)

list of papers scientific commitee

INFLUENCE OF THE NASAL CAVITIES TO HUMAN VOICE QUALITY
Vampola T., Horáček J.
pages 1018 - 1021, full text

Nasal cavities (NC) form the side branches of the human vocal tract and exhibit antiresonance and resonance properties which influence the produced voice quality. This study investigates the possibility of these resonances to contribute to the speaker's or singer's formant cluster around 3 – 5 kHz. A reduced finite element (FE) model was created which allows numerical simulation of the effects of changing the volumes of NC on the acoustic resonance and antiresonance characteristics of the vocal tract. This model, created from an accurate three-dimensional (3D) FE model of the human vocal tract for vowel [a:] and [i:] is computationally-effective and allows parametric changes of the volume connecting the nasal tract with the human vocal tract. Developed FE models of acoustic spaces of nasal and vocal tract for vowels /a:/ and /i:/ are used to study the influence of (NC) on phonation of these vowels. Acoustics frequency-modal characteristics are studied by modal analysis and numerical simulation of acoustic signals in time domain is performed by transient analysis of the FE models.


back to list of papers

Text and facts may be copied and used freely, but credit should be given to these Proceedings.

All papers were reviewed by members of the scientific committee.


imce   Powered by Imce 3.12  © 2019, Pavel Formánek, Institute of Thermomechanics AS CR, v.v.i. [generated: 0.0214s]