Engineering Mechanics

International Conference

Proceedings Vol. 23 (2017)


ENGINEERING MECHANICS 2017

23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
May 15 – 18, 2017, Svratka, Czech Republic
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Editors: Vladimír Fuis

Copyright © 2017 Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Solid Mechanics, Mechatronics and Biomechanics, Brno

ISBN 978-80-214-5497-2 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)

list of papers scientific commitee

EFFECTS OF TURBULENCE IN FE MODEL OF HUMAN VOCAL FOLDS SELF-OSCILLATION
Hájek P., Švancara P., Horáček J., Švec G. J.
pages 366 - 369, full text

The purpose of the study is to determine whether a turbulence model in fluid flow calculation affects the vocal folds (VF) vibration and the acoustics of human vocal tract (VT). The objective is examined using a two-dimensional (2D) finite element (FE) model of the fluid-structure-acoustic interaction for selfsustained oscillations of the VF. The FE model consists of the models of the VF, the trachea and a simplified model of the human VT. The developed FE model includes large deformations of the VF tissue and VF contact interrupting the airflow during glottis closure. The airflow is modelled by the unsteady viscous compressible Navier-Stokes equations, without and with the Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) and morphing of the fluid mesh are realized using Arbitrary LagrangianEulerian (ALE) approach. The method is applied on the FE model of the VT shaped for the Czech vowel [a:]. Also effect of varying stiffness of the superficial lamina propria (SLP) is analyzed. The numerical simulations showed that considering of the turbulence affects mainly higher frequencies apparent in a frequency spectrum of the VT acoustics.


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