Proceedings Vol. 27/28 (2022)
ENGINEERING MECHANICS 2022
May 9 – 12, 2022, Milovy, Czech Republic
Copyright © 2022 Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague
ISBN 978-80-86246-51-2 (electronic)
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)
list of papers scientific commitee
pages 161 - 164, full text
Water scarcity is one of the current threats for many people around the globe. Desalination processes are a crucial solution for areas with access to sea water on the one hand and with the inadequacy of fresh water on the other. Used technology, membrane distillation, is a thermally driven separation process using a porous membrane to set liquid and gas phases apart. Water evaporates and its vapour crosses the membrane's pores. Polypropylene membrane modules and chaotic hollow fiber condenser were used to construct a (fully polymeric) sweep gas membrane distillation unit. Data of four membrane modules were measured to evaluate the unit thermal performance. Limitations lay in 1) the fiber (geometrical) separation of membrane modules, 2) proper utilization of the sweep gas velocity, and 3) improving condensation system. Still, the device shows a significant thermal efficiency (> 60 %) even at low operating temperatures. Moreover, further improvements are concrete and reachable.
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Ownership of copyright in original research articles remains with the Authors, and provided that, when reproducing parts of the contribution, the Authors acknowledge and/or reference the Proceedings, the Authors do not need to seek permission for re-use of their material.
All papers were reviewed by members of the scientific committee.