Engineering Mechanics

International Conference

Proceedings Vol. 15 (2009)


May 11 – 14, 2009, Svratka, Czech Republic
Editors: Jiří Náprstek and Cyril Fischer

Copyright © 2009 Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Prague

ISBN 978-80-86246-35-2 (printed, Extended Abstracts)
ISSN 1805-8248 (printed)
ISSN 1805-8256 (electronic)

list of papers scientific commitee

Transition from the saltation mode of bed load transport to the rolling mode
N. Lukerchenko, I. Ivanova, Z. Chára, P. Vlasák
pages 809 - 815, full text

The paper deals with the sediment transport of sand particles conveyed by water in an open channel. A 3D numerical model developed by the authors was used for simulation of the sand particles movement in the channel with rough bed. Similarly to Shields theory of sediment transport incipient motion of the bed load particles the shear stress for the transition process from saltation mode to rolling mode can be defined. The shear stress value can be determined as a function of two dimensionless parameters, particle parameter and equivalent bed roughness. The particle parameter is a function of the particle size and density, and the carrier liquid density and viscosity. The presented numerical solution reveals that the shear stress for the transition process from saltation mode to rolling mode is less than the shear stress for the incipient sediment motion and depends on channel bed roughness.

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All papers were reviewed by members of the scientific committee.

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